A community of interest - communities or individuals who are linked by similar circumstances, locations, themes or interests.
Data and statistics for these unique segments of the population are available below. 

Nationally, it is estimated that there are between 200,000 and 300,000 Gypsies and Travellers in the UK, two-thirds of which are settled in brick and mortar, and  around 90,000 living a semi-nomadic life but these figures are far higher than those shown on the 2011 Census (57,680 individuals self-identifying as ‘Gypsy or Irish Traveller’ in England and Wales). In Northumberland, there are 156 Gypsies and Irish Travellers residing in the county as identified in the 2011 census.

Gypsies and Travellers  2016 Report
Gypsies and Travellers - 2016 Statistics
Migrants are persons who move from one place to another in order to find work or better living conditions.

Immigration -  the action of coming to live permanently in a foreign country
Emmigration - the act of leaving one's own country to settle permanently in another; moving abroad.
International migrants are people moving into and out of the UK.
Long term migration - A long-term migrant is a person who moves to a country other than that of his or her usual residence for a period of at least a year (12 months), so that the country of destination effectively becomes his or her new country of usual residence.
Short term migration - A short-term migrant is a person who moves to a country other than that of his or her usual residence for a period of at least three months but less than a year (12 months)

Internal migration - residential moves between different geographic areas within the UK sourced from the NHS Patient Register, the NHS Central Register (NHSCR) and the Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA).
International migration - the number of people moving into, and out of the UK.
Data available on which country migrants come from or go to, the reason for migration, citizenship and expected length of stay.
National data from the 2011 Census
  • The 2011 Census figures for the UK show an 11% rise in the number of carers since the last Census in 2001 - increasing by over 620,000 to 6.5 million in just 10 years.
  • Carers UK estimates that we will see a 40% rise in the number of carers needed by 2037 – an extra 2.6 million carers, meaning the carer population in the UK will reach 9 million. The care they provide is worth an estimated £119bn per year.
  • Every year over 2.1 million adults become carers and almost as many people find that their caring responsibilities come to an end. 3 in 5 people will be carers at some point in their lives (Carers UK 2014).
  • About 3.4 million (58%) of carers are women and 42% are male.
  • One in five people aged 50-64 are carers, which equates to over 2 million people in this age bracket.
  • Almost 1.3 million people aged 65 or older are carers and the number of carers over the age of 65 is increasing more rapidly than the general carer population. Whilst the total number of carers has risen by 11% since 2001, the number of older carers rose by 35%.
  • Of the estimated 662,000 carers who combine part-time work with caring, 89% are female and women are more likely to give up work in order to care. (Equality and human rights commission 2010).
  • A demographic group, sometimes referred to as the 'sandwich generation', typically care for older or disabled parents as well as their own young children. The peak age for such dual-caring is 40-44 for women, and 45-49 for men. Women are more likely to be dual-carers than men.
  • The 2011 Census showed that there were just under 600,000 Black, Asian and minority ethnic (BAME) carers in England. 2011 data indicates that a smaller proportion of the BAME population provides care than the white British population. However the BAME population is much younger and therefore less likely to have older parents or other relatives needing care.
Across all carers:
  • 93% said they provide practical help such as preparing meals, doing laundry or shopping
  • 87% provide emotional support, motivation or keeping an eye on someone either in person or by phone
  • 85% said they arranged or co-ordinated care services or medical appointments
  • 83% said they manage paperwork or financial matters for the person they care for
  • 71% of carers provide personal care like help with washing, dressing, eating or using the toilet
  • 57% carers were helping the person they care for with their mobility – getting in and out of bed, moving around or getting out of the house
According to an NHS information centre survey:
  • most carers (40%) care for their parents or parents-in-law
  • over a quarter (26%) care for their spouse or partner
  • people caring for disabled children under 18 account for 8% of carers and 5% of carers are looking after adult children
  • a further 4% care for their grandparents and 7% care for another relative
  • one in ten carers (9%) care for a friend or neighbour
  • most carers care for just one person (83%), but 14% care for two people and 3% are caring for at least three people
  • 58% of carers look after someone with a physical disability
  • 20% look after someone with a sensory impairment
  • 13% care for someone with a mental health problem
  • 10% care for someone with dementia
Further information can be found in this policy briefing from Carers UK: facts about carers 2014.

Carers UK has produced extensive research on issues affecting carers. Research reports can be accessed via the following link: professionals.carers.org
 Northumberland Housing Options and Homelessness service received 1458 applications between April 2014 and March 2015, a reduction of 19% compared to the same period in 2013/14.
41% of the applications were successfully dealt with before the household became homeless. The number of households where the council has a statutory duty to rehouse was 199 which was an 8% increase on the previous year.
All applications to the service
Number of applications taken 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-4 2014-15
Homeless cases 421 540 590 390 337
Homeless prevention cases 494 548 637 893 578
Housing advice 210 258 222 507 543
Total number of households 1125 1346 1446 1790 1458
  •  Female lone parents accounted for 50% (100 households) of homelessness acceptances in 2014-15.
  • The main reason for homelessness in 2014-15 was violent relationship breakdown involving a partner (41% of households).
In 2015/16 there were 5 "statutory" homeless households provided with temporary accommodation whilst they waited for a home to become available Gov.UK statistics

Further details : Homelessness Strategy for Northumberland 2016-2021
Although service in the armed forces is generally associated with good health, there has been increasing research and media attention on service-related post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), other mental disorder, including mild traumatic brain injury and links to alcohol abuse, homelessness and crime.
In addition, more servicemen survive injuries that would have caused death years ago, due to advances in military health services. Therefore, the physical needs of those people surviving injuries during military conflict present significant challenges for health and social care services during recovery, before they return to service, or adapt to civilian life if medically discharged.
The North East provides a disproportionately high number of recruits to the armed forces, many of whom will return to settle in the area upon discharge.
  • advances in military medicine mean that more of the ex-service community may be returning to civilian life with complex and long term needs, which require significant levels of expertise and financial resource to meet
  • there is a strong body of evidence to indicate that the ex-service community have worse health outcomes than the general population
  • the transition for those leaving the forces, into the civilian NHS is patchy and variable in its effectiveness; the link between defence medical services and the local NHS needs to be much tighter and more systematic
  • earlier intervention from other civilian services, such as Job Centre Plus and housing would also facilitate a smoother transition for ex-servicemen
  • better information about size, geographical spread, age profile, employment status and health and social needs of the ex-service community in Northumberland is required to support the planning and commissioning of services; this information gap applies to the whole of the North East of England
The Royal British Legion (RBL 2006) has published figures which indicate the following:
  • There are an estimated 4.8 million veterans in the UK and 5.37 dependents.
  • 84% veterans are men.
  • veterans over 85 years will increase significantly over the next decade.
  • 60% of the adult ex-service community are aged over 65, this compares to 20% of the general adult population
  • 31% of the ex-service community live alone compared to 19% of UK adults
  • Younger members of the ex-service community are more prevalent in the North of the UK
  • Based on the national profile, North East England has an estimated 200,000 veterans and 400,000 in the veteran community, a significant presence of ex-servicemen in North East England
The 2011 Census reports that:
  • 1,258 people in Northumberland are employed in the armed forces (this represents 22% of the North East Armed Forces population).
  • Of these, 956 people live in households (18% of North East armed forces personnel in households) and 302 people are in communal establishments.
  • The number of people in communal establishments represents a high proportion (87%) of North East armed forces personnel living in communal establishments.
An individual who is convicted by the criminal justice system as having committed a crime, violated a law or transgressed a code of conduct is referred to as an “offender”. Generally offenders are a socially disenfranchised group who are far more likely to have mental illness, learning disability, substance or alcohol misuse, poor educational achievement and unemployment than the general population. 
Key national statistics relating to offenders who are under probation services supervision or in prison can be found in the Ministry of Justice’s publication: Offender management statistics quarterly.

The Northumbria Community Rehabilitation Company work with people sentenced to Community Orders, Suspended Sentence Orders, in prison and on licence to reduce the likelihood of further offending. Their website provides further information and statistics for the Northumbria area which includes Tyne and Wear


Young offenders are those under the age of 18,
The Youth Justice Board (YJB) is responsible for placing young people in custody. 
Northumberland's youth offending service (YOS) work with young offenders aged between 10 and 17 who are the subject of court orders and police final warnings.

Offenders - Northumberland statistics