Some mentalhealth conditions are more common in certain age groups. Dementia is much more common in older people, so that the health and social services in areas with high proportions of older peopletend to have to cater for higherrates of people with dementia. Depression caused or aggravated by bereavement or increasing infirmity and associated isolation is also more prevalent in older people.
People in deprivedareas generally suffer more health problems than those in less deprived areas. Children in poverty are especially vulnerable, falling prey to a range of physical and emotional problems.
Areas with high levels of unemployment have poorer health, in the same way as deprived areas but with the added complications of low self-esteem contributing to mental ill-health.
The physical and emotional health of people with lower educational attainment is poorer than that of people with higher attainment.
People who have experienced bullying (particularly at school or in the workplace) have an increased likelhood of mental ill-health, particularly if they feel they have no-one to talk to about it.
Looked-after children have worse health (both physical and emotional) than average. High numbers put strain on social services in particular.
Where parents misuse drugs or alcohol, their children are more likely than average to develop mental or emotional problems.
Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender peopleexperience greater risk of depression than average. this can becompounded by bullying and fear of accessing services because of encountering prejudice.
People who have long-term physical conditions are at increased risk of suffering from depression. There is an increased risk also in people who are acting as carers, especially if they do not receive adequate support.
Mental ill-health, particularly depression and post-traumatic stress disorder, is more common in refugees and asylum-seekers and also in ex-service personnel. Racial harrassment can increase the problem in these groups and can also lead to depression in other non-white members of a community.
Living alone (especially for elderly infirm people) can lead to poorer emotional well-being, as can being a carer or a social care user who is not receiving enough support.
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Mental health JSNA
Suicide Prevention Health Needs Assessment NorthumberlandGateshead, Newcastle upon Tyne, Sunderland, North Tyneside and South Tyneside.
Northumberland Suicide Prevention Strategy