Risk Assessment Examples
Health & Safety risk assessment examples.
If you have recently started your business you
may benefit from having an overview of the main legal requirements
relating to health and safety. Further details on all of
these can be found via the Health & Safety Executive Website
and Business Link Website.
Under the Health and Safety at Work
etc. Act 1974 the main duties of employers are to:
1. Provide equipment
and systems of work that are safe and without risks to
2. Ensure the safe handling, storage,
transport and use of articles and substances.
3. Provide adequate information,
instruction, training and supervision.
4. Maintain the Workplace in a safe
condition, including means of access and egress.
5. Provide a work environment that is safe
and provide adequate welfare facilities.
6. Ensure non-employees are not put at
1. Take reasonable care
of themselves and others who could be affected by their
2. Co-operate with their employer on matters
of health and safety.
Self-employed persons have duties
1. Ensure their own
health and safety.
2. Ensure the safety of non-employees who
may be put at risk.
The duties above are qualified by the phrase
'so far as is reasonably practicable'. This means that the cost and
effort of doing something should be balanced against the risk. The
greater the risk posed by a work activity, the greater the control
measures will need to be. This process of risk assessment and
control is fundamental to effective health and safety
Management of Health and Safety
The proper and effective management of health
and safety will reduce the risk of accidents and occupational ill
Good safety management will involve:
Health and Safety policy statements are
required for employers who employ five or more people. They should
include a general statement of policy, a definition of the
organisational responsibilities of directors, managers and
employees, and details of the arrangements for securing a safe and
healthy workplace. Training should also be carried out whenever
necessary and may range from general induction training to more
specific/complex matters. A simple, initial training checklist may
include the following:
1. Company safety set
2. Fire and evacuation
3. First aid provision and
4. Safety Procedures
5. General safety
rules, housekeeping etc.
6. Accident/Ill Health/Defect
7. Use of personal protective
NB This list should not be seen as
This is required for all your work activities
· evaluating risks
· implementing and maintaining control
· recording the findings of the risk
assessment (if you employ five or more persons)
· monitoring and reviewing the
A competent person(s) must be appointed to help
carry out your health and safety responsibilities. They should
possess the necessary training, experience, knowledge or other
1. Fire Safety
- Fire Risk
- What fire precautions
2. First Aid
Need to provide adequate and appropriate first
aid equipment, facilities and personnel and to inform employees of
3. Accident/Ill Health Recording and
Do all staff know what
Electrical systems and portable appliances must
be maintained in a safe condition.
5. Hazardous Substances
The risk from substances hazardous to health
must be assessed (under the COSHH Regulations 1999) and any
necessary control measures implemented and maintained.
6. Manual Handling
Manual handling activities will need to be
assessed and any risks reduced so far as is reasonably
7. Display Screen
Where you have 'users' of DSE, an assessment of
their workstations must be carried out.
8. Personal Protective
Selection, use and maintenance of PPE must be
such as to ensure safety. Training of employees will also be
9. Work Equipment
Must be 'suitable' (i.e. safe) and maintained
adequately. Contact with dangerous parts must be prevented.
Training and instruction must be carried out.
Workplaces must be suitably ventilated, heated
and lit. They should be clean and not be overcrowded. A sufficient
number of sanitary conveniences and washing facilities must be
provided, as should facilities to rest and eat meals. Accommodation
for non-work clothing and an adequate supply of wholesome drinking
water are also required.
11. Compulsory Insurance
The Employers' Liability (Compulsory Insurance)
Act 1969, requires all employers to take out and maintain an
insurance policy to cover the cost of any accidents etc. that may
arise out of your work activities. A current copy of the
certificate should be displayed in your premises.
12. Health and Safety
Health and Safety Law information (poster or
leaflets) must be provided and conspicuously displayed. The
enforcing authority's address should be written in the appropriate
space on the poster.
13. Record Keeping
Records that may need
to be maintained/kept include:
- Accident Book (if more
than 10 employees)
- Accident Forms
- Health and Safety
- Assessments - risk
- Display Screen
- Personal Protective
- Statutory inspection
- lifting plant and
- Electrical system and
For more detailed information of the topics
listed above please see the following sites/pages