Population change is based on a combination of factors such as births, deaths (natural change) and migration which is the number of people who change their place of usual residence, either by international migration, or migration within areas of the UK.
Population density in 2013 for england was 413 people per sq km, but for Northumberland this figure was 63 per sq km.

Births and deaths (natural change)
In 2016 the crude birth rate in Northumberland was 8.9 live births per 10,000 population (all ages). The crude death rate (for ‘all causes’ of death, all ages) for Northumberland was 11.6 in 2016
Migration 
Migration refers to the number of people who change their place of usual residence. The Office for National Statistics (ONS) provides different sets of estimates to cover international migration, and migration within areas of the UK. Data and statistics on migration can be found on the Communities of Interest page
 

Health and Wellbeing topic live births, still births, deaths and causes of death

Know Northumberland bulletin  Population and Health







 

2016 Mid Year Estimates (MYE) published by ONS
Northumberland has an ageing population, a trend which is projected to continue in the near future
  • 16% (52,000) of residents are under 16
  • 60% (189,500) fall into the 16-64 age bracket
  • 24% (74,500) are aged 65 or over
Latest mid-year estimate population by gender 2016
  
Age All Male Female
Total 316,000 154,200 161,800
Age 0 -15 52,000 26,800 25200
Age 16 - 64 189,500 93,000 96500
Age 65 and over 74,500 34,400 40,100
 
 


 

Population estimates relate to the number of people who were usually resident in an area at the mid-year point (30 June) and are produced by the Office for National Statistics (ONS).
Population estimates relate to the number of people who were usually resident in an area at the mid-year point (30 June) and are produced by the Office for National Statistics (ONS).Data is derived from the international migration statistics, and birth and death registrations

2016 Population Estimates
 
  Northumberland North East England
Total 316,002 2,636848 55268067
0-15 years 51961 467795 10,529100
16-64 years 189526 1661447 34856126
65+ years 72,721 499,197  9,711,572
Pop Density (pop/km2) 63 308  424

2016 MYE by LA, region, country  Published June 2017
2016 MYE - ONS analysis tool
2016 MYE Background data from ONS
2016 estimates are only available at Local Authority, Region and Country level at the moment, but data on different geographies will be available at a later date

2015 Mid Year Estimates
2015 MYE by LA, region , country
2015 MYE - ONS Analysis tool

2015 population estimates are also available for  wards, MSOA boundaries, health geographies, National Park, parliamentary constituencies.

2013 Mid Year Estimates
Reference tables containing 2013 population estimates for a range of geographic areas relating to Northumberland 


ONS revised their mid-year population estimates back to 2002 to allow an understanding of how populations have changed across the decade. Further information is available on the ONS website
 
Population change is based on a combination of factors such as births, deaths (natural change) and migration which is the number of people who change their place of usual residence, either by international migration, or migration within areas of the UK.
Births and deaths (natural change)
In 2016 the crude birth rate in Northumberland was 8.9 live births per 10,000 population (all ages). The standardised mortality rate (for ‘all causes’ of death, all ages per 100,000 population) for Northumberland was 1012 in 2016. Further statistics on live births, still births, deaths and causes of death : Health and Wellbeing Topic.
 
Migration
Migration statistics refer to the number of people who change their place of usual residence. The Office for National Statistics (ONS) provides different sets of estimates to cover international migration, and migration within areas of the UK.
 
Internal migration - the movement of people between areas of the UK.
Approximately 9,000 people moved into, and 8,700 people moved out of Northumberland to the rest of England during the year ending June 2013.

•             Estimates of internal migration ONS (Local Authority data)
•             Migration statistics quarterly report, - ONS (National data)
•             Local area migration indicators  ONS (Local Area data)
•             Internal migration by age and sex 2015  ONS (Local and National)
•             Internal migration between areas of the UK (2011 Census)
 
International migration - the number of people moving into, and out of the UK.
Data available on which country migrants come from or go to, the reason for migration, citizenship and expected length of stay.

•            Long-term international migration statistics
•            Population by country of birth and nationality ONS National, regional and LA data
•            Migration flows, GP registrations, NiNo
•            Short-term migration inflows,
•            National Insurance registrations
•            GP registrations by new migrants.

Know Northumberland bulletin
 Population and Health
 

ONS Population projections

The latest projections are for 2014 and are based on mid 2012 population estimates and run from 2012 to 2037. They are updated every two years

These are trend based and make assumptions about future levels of fertility, mortality and migration based on levels observed over a five year period. They are not forecasts and do not attempt to predict the impact that future government policies, changing economic circumstances or other factors (whether in the UK or overseas) might have on demographic behaviour.

Northumberland County Council projections
Additional work is being undertaken in-house to produce data specific to Northumberland, using specialist software (POPGROUP). This can be used to forecast population, household and labour force numbers for both particular geographical areas and age groups. 

These projections are intended to complement the ONS sub-national projections with a more localised set of assumptions using specialist software (POPGROUP). They allow the impacts of different scenarios to be investigated using particular geographical areas and age groups. They also help mitigate the considerable variation in the different ONS projections due to the short-term trend-based methodology. 

 

 

Statistics on identity focus on data which give an insight into the personal characteristics of the population and its changing nature over time, and includes information on ethnicity, religion, national identity (i.e. which country a person feels the most affiliation with), language and beliefs. 
Ethnicity
Ethnicity is measured by the way the population identify with certain ethnic groups. 98.4% of the population of Northumberland in the 2011 Census classified themselves as white. Religion
68.5% of residents in Northumberland class themselves as Christian, ( 67.5% in North East , 59.4% in England).. 23.9% of the country indicated they had no religion and 6.4% did not state their religion. Those classing themselves as Hindu, Buddhist, Jewish, Muslim, Sikh and any other religion, made up 1.3% of the resident population. National identity
67.6% of people in Northumberland said their identity was English in the 2011 Census Other identity data 97.2% of all Northumberland residents were born in the UK, although this figure drops to 95% for those aged 25 - 34. Of the rest, 1.2% were born in other European countries and 1.6% stated their country of birth was outside Europe (2011 Census)
Marital status : 52% of the population of Northumberland aged 16 and over are married, (North East - 46%, England -47%). Nearly 28% of residents are classed as single, 0.2% are registered as in a same-sex civil partnership, 9% are divorced, 8% widowed and nearly 3% separated.
   

 

A household is defined as one person living alone, or a group of people (not necessarily related) living at the same address who share cooking facilities and a living room, sitting room or dining area.
Households may be a family or they may consist of one person living alone or unrelated adults sharing. A family is a couple (married, civil partners or cohabiting), with or without children, or a lone parent with at least one child. Children may be dependant or non-dependant.

There were 138,500 occupied households in Northumberland in 2011 (compared to 130,800 in 2001), an increase of 5.9%, with an average of 2.3 residents per household.
Household composition
  • 30% of these are one person households
  • 14% are one person households where the resident is aged  65 or over
  • 10% of households contain two or more residents who are 65 or over
  • 6% of households contain lone parents with dependent children, which is lower than the North East figure of 8% and England’s 7%.
  • Married or same-sex civil partnership couples make up 37% of Northumberland households, with 10% housing cohabiting couples.  (2011 Census)
Household density
I28 households per km2 in Northumberland compared to a mean in England and Wales of 155 households per km2. (2011 Census) Household projections
The latest household projections are based on the 2012 population projections, produced by ONS. Other household data
Adults not in Employment and Dependent Children and Persons with Long-Term Health Problem or Disability for All Households 2011 Census xls